Posts Tagged ‘Dordogne River’
SURFING THE MASCARET IS A VERY UNIQUE EXPERIENCE and for over 20 years, surfers from around the world have come to ride this phenomenon. The wave set/ tidal bore occurs on the Dordogne River passing directly through the heart of the Bordeaux wine region which is another very good reason to drop-in!
The river’s port of Saint Pardon is ground zero for most surfers and kayakers. Located in the commune of Vayres it is only 20 minutes from the city of Bordeaux, and 10 minutes from Saint-Emilion. Both surfers and paddlers use the boat ramp in the center of the village to enter the water and then paddle upriver, riding the waves back to their starting point at St. Pardon (or sometimes beyond). Just one wave set occurs every 12 hours and consists of 5 to 10 waves very close together (6’ to 10’ apart).
These waves move faster but break slower than an ocean swells. Surfers, SUP’s and kayakers paddle for the first wave in the set which carries the vast majority of riders… sometimes over 50 people riding it! The wave is constantly changing shape depending on both river depth and width, it can be hollow, breaking or just a re-forming swell at different points. Around Saint Pardon rides of 1 kilometer from are common and occasionally rides of 20 minutes can be experienced!
Here is a GoPro view from a kayak: perspective:
Another perspective… surfing from the air:
Tidal Bores like 'Le Mascaret' are a rare globally and the most famous occur on just three rivers: Amazon, Severn (England) and the Dordogne.
On the Dordogne they occur year round but are at their peak during August and September as a result of exceptionally high tides (tidal coefficients of 85+). The wave set is created by the tide dramatically rising in the Gironde estuary and then pushing upriver growing larger and moving faster as it progresses inland.
WANT TO RIDE IT? Here are some equipment tips: Wear booties. Short boards are too light don’t work well… A 9’ to 10’ Longboard, SUP or kayak works best. For surfers: heavy boards with very little rocker and relatively thick rails & tail are ideal to get through slower rebuilding sections of the wave. The stronger your board is the better as you can encounter floating branches and submerged debris in the river.
10 & 11 September 2014 is the annual:
Fête du Mascaret
See you there? (à bientôt!) Jack
BEFORE CANOES & CASTLE VISITS WERE PRINCIPLE TOURISM ENTEPRISES ON THE DORDOGNE RIVER and a very long time before the arrival of the railway along its banks in the late 1800’s, this river was once an important means of communication and exchange.
Traces of boating activity date as far back as Gallo-Roman period (1-2c BC – 3c AD). In fact, the center of Old Bordeaux was built on the site of the original Gallo-Roman port which was the capital of the Roman province of Aquitania. Amphorae once used for wine have been uncovered in the region of Bergerac; these amphorae bear witness to a wine trade with Ancient Rome before vines were planted along the banks of the river.
The Vikings also were a regular presence on the Dordogne river system, at least from the 840’s until the 860’s. Viking activity is well recorded in many parts of the Carolingian Empire, but raids on the Dordogne River system have been largely ignored so we can’t impart much detail here. We do know: Dordogne River trade through the middle ages of salt, leather, wood, walnuts and wine flourished and increased through the 13th century, slowing during the Hundred Years War and then with development of the gabares experienced a resurgence until the late 1800's.
The gabares were the traditional flat-bottomed boats used on the Dordogne for transporting goods between the Massif Central and the ports of Bergerac, Libourne and Bordeaux.
The Dordogne was divided into three sections for navigational purposes:
The Upper Dordogne (upstream of Souillac)
The upper section of the river is often no more than a narrow strip of water flanked on either side by steep cliffs. This part of the river was only navigable for approximately 30 days of the year in spring and autumn when the water level was high. In summer the water was too low and in winter too violent.
These gabarres were built to transport wood from the forests: Oak used to produce vats and barrels and Chestnut used to stake the vines. Upon arrival at their destination, the boats were sold along with their load. The boatmen then returned home on foot.
The Middle Dordogne (downstream of Souillac)
The middle section of the river was navigable for 6 to 8 months of the year. Boats from this part of the river would transport oak, chestnut, cheese and wine from Domme and would return with salt, wheat and salted fish.
These boats were able to return upstream by using the rising tide as far as Castillon, but from there on towing was necessary. The towpath more or less followed the river bank, with towing teams usually consisting of 20 to 30 people, who were replaced every 7km/4.5 miles. On difficult stretches 80 to 100 people were required to haul the boat. In the middle of the 18C manpower was replaced by oxen.
The Lower Dordogne (downstream of Castillon to the Bordeaux estuary)
This section of the river was permanently navigable and boats made their way back upstream in the same way as in the Middle Dordogne.
The railway arrived in Sarlat in 1882, and in the rest of the valley shortly after. Competition from the railways quickly undermined river transport, which soon died out on the Upper and Middle Dordogne, but gabares continued to ply their trade on the Lower Dordogne until the 1950's.
Today, only a few gabares remain on the river transporting tourists and the memories of that bygone era.
Bon voyage et à bientôt! Jack
Please 'LIKE' our FB page for more frequent postings
Saying nothing… sometimes says the most.
à bientôt, Jack
Please check our FB page for more frequent postings